To achieve this goal, the two Governments agreed that the principles and purposes set forth in the Charter of the United Nations would regulate bilateral relations and resolve disputes by “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means mutually agreed upon”. 46 years ago, the historic pact between South Asia`s two neighbours for the peaceful settlement of all disputes was signed. Six months after the liberation of Bangladesh, then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and former Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto met in Shimla on July 2, 1972 to sign an agreement providing a framework for the mutual settlement of their differences. Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Finil Agreement: what is it? The shimla Agreement was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, on July 2 signed on July 19, 1972, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a number of principles on which both India and Pakistan have agreed and which emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, as well as the dissemination of hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Building the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintaining the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreement: Key Features 1. India and Pakistan decided to challenge the conflict and confrontation that had weighed on their relations in the past, to end and commit to a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to establish a lasting peace in the subcontinent. . . .